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Trans Siberian Railway

Transsib (Trans Siberian railway, The Great Siberian Way (historical name)) is the world’s famous train route that goes through the whole Russia. Transsib is the longest railroad (more than 9000 kilometers) that is connecting European Russia with the middle (Siberia) and eastern (Far East) areas.
Today Transsib begins at Yaroslavsky train station in Moscow and ends in Vladivostok. But it wasn’t always like that: prior to the First World War the start point was St. Petersburg. Up to the middle of the 1920th the way to Siberia started from Kazansky train station (Moscow) and in the earliest period it was Kursky train station in Moscow. Actual length of Trans-Siberian railway by the main passenger way (from Moscow to Vladivostok) is 9288.2 km

It will take you more than 6 days to travel along the whole Trans–Siberian railway. You will pass through 21 regions of Russia and cross 16 large rivers. Over 207 km Transsib passes along Baikal Lake and over 39 km by the shore of Amursky Bay of the Japanese Sea. There are 87 towns situated on Trans Siberian railway so it is recommended to make some stops along the route.

Trans Siberian Railway Facts

  • The length is 9288.2 km (5772 miles) by the main passenger way. It's largest railway in the world.
  • Founded on 31st May of 1891 by the future Tsar Nicholas II, when he laid the foundation stone near Vladivostok.
  • The Transsib crosses territory of 21 regions of the Russian Federation
  • 87 cities are located on the Transsib: 5 cities with the population over 1,000,000 peoples (Moscow, Perm, Ekaterinburg, Omsk, Novosibirsk), 9 cities with the population from 300,000 up 1,000,000 peoples (Yaroslavl, Kirov, Tyumen, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, Chita, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok) and other cities with the population less then 300,000 peoples.
  •  The Transsib crosses 16 large rivers: Volga, Vyatka, Kama , Tobol, Irtysh, Ob', Tom', Chulym, Yenisei, Oka, Selenga, Zeya, Bureya, Amur, Khor, Ussuri;

There is only one Transsiberian Railway but different routes are possible.The main route between Moscow and Vladivostok is usually taken by travelers.

The Trans Mongolian Line

was built from 1940 to 1956 between Ulan-Ude at Lake Baikal's eastern shore and the Chinese capital Beijing. From Ulan-Ude the tracks go south, towards Mongolia, crossing the Gobi dessert and finally ending up in Beijing, China. This route has a length of 7867 km. One peculiarity you should see is the changing of the chassis at the Chinese border because of different width of the tracks in China and Russia.

The Trans Manchurian Line

which coincides with the Trans-Siberian as far as Tarskaya, a few hundred miles east of Baikal. From Tarskaya the Trans-Manchurian heads southeast into China near Zabaikalsk and makes its way down to Beijing. This route has a length of 9001 km (Moscow - Beijing).

The Baikal Amur Magistrale (BAM)
was started in the 1930s and officially opened 1984 after decades of sporadic work. It started in Taishet and reaches the Pacific Ocean northeast of Khabarovsk. The 3.843 km long BAM runs several hundred km north of and parallel to the Transiberian Raiway.

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